The Different Blemishes and how to treat them
When we see uneven skin texture, bumps and redness, we tend to automatically start picking at our skin. This is the #1 worst thing you can do to your blemishes! A blemish has a maximum life span of 2-5 weeks when left untouched. Once you start picking at your blemishes, they can hang around much longer - leading to long term scarring, infected tissues surrounding the area, redness or more. If you have lots of bumps with oil in them (whiteheads) we suggest seeing a professional for extractions. We offer extractions in all of our Facial Treatments at our skincare clinic. We're going to cover the difference between the various bumps we see on the skin.All of these start with the same general cause: clogged pores.
Every pore on our skin is the opening to a follicle. Our follicles are made up of a hair and a sebaceous (oil) gland. The oil gland releases sebum (oil), which travels up the hair, out of the pore, and onto your surface skin. The sebum keeps your skin lubricated and soft. The larger the pore, the more sebum likely to be secreted.
Blackheads | Whiteheads
Excess oil production, dead skin cell buildup and bacteria may block a pore, creating whiteheads. Blackheads are a result of oxidization: the pore being exposed to air. These can both be extracted by professionals. You can also treat them at home with facial steams, gentle exfoliation and routine face masks. Blackheads are often related to a water/oil imbalance, and whiteheads happen when an infection occurs. Touching a spot on your face can introduce bacteria to it, picking spots, and constantly leaning on your hands and talking on your warm, greasy phone can cause white heads. Generally whiteheads are more topical than internal. We suggest using our Clear Skin Advanced Spot Concentrate on whiteheads, one drop on the spot every day.
Papules | Pustules
Your pores may get very irritated and the cell walls will break, creating larger bumps on the skin and resulting in redness. Papules are small red, raised bumps often created by infected hair follicles. Pustules are the same, but they contain pus, so you will notice they are a slight yellow colour at the top. These bumps are very sensitive as they are extremely inflamed and irritated. We recommend putting ice, aloe or yogurt on them, avoiding extremely hot showers (to avoid creating more inflammation), and using spot treatments, like our Turmeric + Honey Spot Treatment or our Clear Skin Advanced Spot Concentrate. *Always remember to avoid touching the blemish often, as it creates more irritation
Nodules | Cysts